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The most prominent diseases that afflict children in schools

The most prominent diseases that afflict children in schools

Despite the spread of some diseases at the beginning of each semester, and despite all the instructions and advice provided by parents and educational departments for students, especially for children who are in the early stages of the educational stage, many diseases appear periodically at the beginning of the school year and integrate into the classroom . The school is not an incubator environment for diseases, but rather, infections increase through integration into the classroom and a natural result due to the presence of children in large groups during which they are exposed to many pathogens such as germs and other elements of infection. Training children on some means of prevention is one of the most important tools that limit infection with some of these diseases that are spread among young people. The injuries vary between the skin, the eyes, the body, the nose, the ear, the throat, and other small body parts, which cannot tolerate many of these diseases. And on the most prominent diseases, their prevention and methods of treatment, there are many diseases that spread among students in schools, especially at the beginning of the school year, and they vary between viral, fungal and parasitic diseases. Herpes, common infiltrating birthmarks, and chickenpox infection is one of the most common diseases among school students, as its symptoms vary between red spots that develop into a gizz and then to black blisters. Of course, the degree of infection varies from one child to another, according to the strength of the infection and his taking vaccinations. It is advised for a person with impetigo and other skin diseases to avoid scratching or touching the sores as much as possible until they heal. Applying a non-stick bandage to the affected area may help prevent impetigo from spreading, as the infection can be contracted through contact with the infected person, so separate towels and hand towels must be used until the rash heals, as antibiotics are sometimes necessary to get rid of the infection. - As for parasitic diseases that affect students, they vary between scabies and lice, which are among the most common diseases in schools, and then the infected person must be isolated from one to three weeks until he is cured. And the incidence of fungal diseases such as "tinea" is one of the diseases that are widespread among children, which affect the hair, skin, and then the body, and it is one of the diseases that need treatment with antibiotics, shampoos, isolation and non-contact with the infected person. About treatment methods, Batal says that the treatments vary according to the disease and the degree of infection, and that most of those diseases are properly treated with known methods of treatment, such as taking topical and general anti-viral antibiotics and other anti-fungi, anti-parasites and shampoos, among the most important treatments. In some cases, liquid nitrogen cooling is used to treat some cases and even to remove some skin tags with electricity, among the treatments used. - We advise children who have been infected, especially those with skin diseases, to isolate themselves in the case of head lice or chickenpox and tuberculosis when symptoms appear for a period of one to three weeks so that the disease does not spread among students. He continues: “Paying attention to periodic examination of students and not to lengthen hair, especially among pupils, has a good effect in preventing the spread of some fungal, bacterial and even parasitic diseases. Attention to school health and periodic medical examination for students are considered one of the most important steps for school safety for students.” eyes illnesses Schools are not an endemic environment in and of themselves. Rather, epidemics come from a person who has a disease that spreads infection to people who are in direct contact with him. Among the most important eye diseases that occur in schools is the epidemic conjunctivitis that occurs from conjunctivitis due to a virus or germ (bacteria), or allergens, and this epidemic is represented by conjunctivitis and its swelling, and among the most important symptoms of epidemic conjunctivitis is discomfort from light or sun, redness of the eye Swelling of the eyelid, watery eyes, a feeling of itching or burning in the eyes with zero or green secretions, itching in the nose, sneezing, pain in the throat, swollen lymph glands in the ear area, and the infection is transmitted from the hands to the eye if the hands are contaminated with the virus, and it can be The hands may become contaminated if they come into contact with the tears or secretions of an infected person through shaking hands or touching surfaces contaminated with the infection or eye secretions from an infected person, and the incubation period of the virus ranges from one to ten days. protection We advise students, parents, health guides, and concerned departments to follow proper healthy behavior to protect children from infection, starting with washing hands with soap and lukewarm water frequently and not sharing personal items, tools, towels, blankets, school tools and the like with others, especially those who are sick, and to avoid touching or rubbing eyes, and washing hands. After mixing with an infected person, or touching any of his objects, and he stressed the need to consult a doctor who specializes in ophthalmology when the child feels severe pain, or the swelling has intensified, or green secretions are present, or the presence of vision impairment. Parent action - Despite the measures taken by parents, keeping children with conjunctivitis at home until the symptoms are over is one of the most important reasons for protecting the rest of students in schools. The role played by the school administration in raising awareness and stressing the awareness of pupils in the field of personal hygiene, especially hand hygiene, and avoiding touching the eyes. “Entering school is considered one of the most times when a child suffers from many diseases that vary according to the degree of infection, including bacterial and other viral diseases that afflict the child with many problems that may lead to his absence from the classroom, because the children's immune system is incomplete, which leads to Due to their exposure to many viruses, especially when they return to schools, as viruses are abundant in that period with a large number of children in closed spaces such as nurseries or schools. All this leads to the spread of infection between them. Among the most common diseases during this period are eye inflammation, cold and flu, sore throat and tonsils, as well as headache